If you avoid gluten because it makes you feel unwell (and reasonably so) but aren’t a diagnosed coeliac, a new study has found that it might not be gluten that’s giving you the stomach upset.
Published in Gastroenterology, researchers found that it’s actually the fructans in gluten that are more often than not the culprit of tummy troubles from gluten-containing products.
Fructans are a class of FODMAP (Fermentable Oglio-, Di-, Mono-saccharides And Polyols) and are a polymer found frequently in gluten. The study found that it was the most common culprit for IBS symptoms in non-coeliacs.
The study was of the randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover type, so any chance of bias was completely eliminated in their findings.
So the good news is that you’re probably not gluten sensitive! But don’t break out the bread just yet — after all, you’re still sensitive to something in gluten, just not gluten itself.
And unfortunately for people sensitive to fructans, gluten isn’t the only thing they should be avoiding. Fructans are also found in leeks, onions, garlic, asparagus, black beans, bananas and watermelons. If you are “fructan sensitive”, these foods shouldn’t be in your diet either.